1. Control High Blood Sugar.
For patients with diabetic nephropathy, they should first control their blood pressure, and must be strict with the standard. The more ideal blood glucose control, the lower the chance of diabetic nephropathy. Standard value: fasting blood glucose "6.1 millimole / liter, postprandial blood glucose" 8.0 millimole / liter, glycosylated hemoglobin "6.5%.
2. Regular physical examination
Patients with diabetic nephropathy should take regular physical examinations to observe their physical condition. No symptoms were found in the early stage of the disease. Therefore, regular physical examination is necessary and urine microalbumin should not be examined.
3. Drug therapy
In the course of medication, if a patient has microalbuminuria, regardless of whether there is hypertension, should be under the guidance of a doctor to take angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers drugs. It not only reduces blood pressure, but also reduces urinary albumin and delays the progression of kidney damage.
4. A reasonable diet
A good diet for diabetic nephropathy plays a very important role in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Patients should limit the intake of protein and take different limits according to different stages of the development of nephropathy. A low salt diet helps control blood pressure and edema. Supplementation of iron and calcium helps restore the kidneys.
5. Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation
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