Kidney Disease patients may encounter a variety of Complications, so what tests should nephropathy patients do? Following this article to get answer, or you can consult ONLINE DOCTOR directly in free.
Edema is caused by excessive loss of urinary protein. Urinary routine and urinary protein quantification should be examined. If you haven't checked the composition of urinary protein, you need to check the composition of urinary protein to determine where the kidney is damaged.
2. Pain and swelling of calf gastrocnemius, thigh and groin
Nephrotic patients, especially those with nephrotic syndrome, are prone to thrombosis and lower limb symptoms. Excessive loss of urinary protein can lead to thrombosis due to hyperlipidemia.
Blood tests are needed. Thrombosis patients usually have elevated D-dimer levels. Ultrasound Doppler examination can accurately determine whether there is thrombus in the vein and the extent of thrombus involvement. It can be used as the first choice for diagnostic examination.
3. Nausea and vomiting, poor appetite, oliguria
Patients with renal failure are prone to nausea and vomiting, usually due to excessive levels of toxins in the body and stimulation of the digestive system. Urine is produced by the kidney, and oliguria indicates impaired renal function.
These symptoms suggest that the function of detoxification and drainage of the kidney is decreased and renal function needs to be examined.
If nephropathy patients feel less physically than usual, it is likely that renal anemia has occurred. A blood test is needed to see if hemoglobin is too low. If hemoglobin is less than 100g/L, anemia should be corrected.
5. Itchy skin
Skin itching is caused by excessive accumulation of toxins in the body, some of which remain on the surface of the skin after being excreted through sweat. Patients with high blood phosphorus are most prone to skin itching. We should focus on checking the electrolyte to see if blood phosphorus exceeds the standard.
6. Short of breath and panic
Heart-kidney integration, renal failure may cause heart failure, resulting in short panic symptoms. Patients need auscultation, electrocardiogram, and electrolytes to see if blood potassium is abnormal.
In addition, other secondary nephropathy has its special symptoms, such as lupus, purpura, diabetes, gout and other secondary nephropathy, patients can appear skin spots, arthralgia, abdominal pain, more than three, less than one, hypoglycemia and other symptoms, need to go to the corresponding department of the primary disease or nephrology. Patients with mild renal impairment can be treated by other departments. If renal failure is serious, they need to be referred to nephrology department.
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