Generally speaking, patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease should first maintain an optimistic attitude. If it has not yet affected the normal life of patients, they should pay attention to avoid or eat less salty, spicy and other stimulating foods, work and rest time should be regular, and their mood should be stable and optimistic.
If it has an impact on the normal life of patients, they should pay attention to the above items at ordinary times, and also carry out treatment, and the more. The sooner the better, or else it will be too late for uremia to develop into renal failure.
1. Cyst decompression
If the renal function damage in advanced cases is in the stage of azotemia and uremia, decompression therapy is no longer meaningful regardless of hypertension. Surgical attack can aggravate the condition.
2. Treatment of Traditional Chinese Medicine
At present, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a good effect in treating polycystic kidney by conservative treatment (taking traditional Chinese medicine). TCM adopts the holistic concept and syndrome differentiation and treatment. It considers that polycystic kidney is the result of the combined action of external and internal factors. Through stepped drainage, the cyst fluid is gradually discharged to achieve the purpose of gradually shrinking the cyst. Although traditional Chinese medicine can not overcome the gene problem at present, the effect of conservative treatment is incomparable to Western medicine, and basically non-toxic side effects, not easy to recur.
3. Dialysis and transplantation
When it comes to end-stage renal failure, dialysis treatment should be given immediately, and hemodialysis is the first choice. The survival rate of polycystic kidney transplantation is similar to that of other causes, but the complications increase the difficulty of post-operative management and affect the effect of transplantation.
4. Treatment of hematuria
When hematuria occurs, besides giving treatment as soon as possible, activities or bed rest should be reduced. Transcatheter renal artery embolization may be considered in patients undergoing dialysis or about to undergo dialysis if severe and uncontrollable hematuria occurs repeatedly.
5. Treatment of infection
Kidney parenchymal infection and intracystic infection are the main complications of this disease. The principle of combined use of antibiotics is generally adopted.
6. Treatment of upper urinary tract calculi
According to the location and size of calculi, treatment should be carried out according to the principle of treatment of urinary calculi.
7. Treatment of hypertension
Renal ischemia and activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are the main causes of hypertension, and antihypertensive drugs should be selected accordingly.
8. Treatment of Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy.
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