Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that act as your body’s waste filtration system. They filter your blood 12 times per hour. Excess water and unwanted chemicals or waste in the blood are disposed of as urine. .
Kidney disease is when your kidneys are damaged in some way and are not filtering your blood effectively.
Symptoms of kidney disease
Kidney disease is called a ‘silent disease’ as there are often few or no symptoms. In fact, you can lose up to 90 per cent of your kidneys’ functionality before seeing any symptoms. Some signs and symptoms include:
· a change in the frequency and quantity of urine passed, especially at night (usually an increase at first)
· blood in the urine (haematuria)
· foaming urine
· puffiness around the eyes and ankles (oedema)
· pain in the back (under the lower ribs, where the kidneys are located)
· pain or burning when passing urine.
If kidneys begin to fail, there is a build-up of waste products and extra fluid in the blood, as well as other problems, gradually leading to:
· tiredness and inability to concentrate
· generally feeling unwell
· loss of appetite
· nausea and vomiting
· shortness of breath.